The Foothills region is located beside the Rocky Mountains in Alberta (see the map  below). The animals and wildlife will be discussed. There are lots of different varieties of animals, from large too small e.g. elk, moose, bears, foxes, birds, fish, insects, snails, etc. Some are endangered and vulnerable (vulnerable means that these species could die out) e.g. swift fox (endangered) and the Banff Hot Springs snail (endangered). Some are even extinct like dinosaurs (as proved from their fossils) and passenger pigeons.

 

Now the mammals that I did research on will be listed and briefly described.                                                                                

 

Woodland Caribou- like to stay in small groups, eats shrubs and lichen and is endangered.                                                            

 

Black bears- common in the Foothills, people think that they like attacking humans but instead they actually hate their smell.                                                                                                                                

 

Long Tailed Weasels- curious little creatures that just love to have fun.                                            

 

White Tailed Deer- have white tails, which they raise when there is danger around.

 

Hoary Bats- large bats which wingspan is 41 cm long.

 

Swift Foxes- endangered foxes which were re-introduced in 1988 and continually hunt from dusk to dawn.

 

Coyotes- medium sized creatures which Latin name means “barking dog”.

 

Cougars- giant creatures which are bigger than the bobcat and lynx, has a longer tail as well.

 

Canada lynxes- scientific name is Lynx canadesis.

 

            Now the birds I did research on will be discussed.

 

Red naped sapsuckers- peck holes in trees and suck up insects and sap.

 

Western Tanagers- very colourful birds which can be spotted in May-Sept..

 

Canadian Geese- more than 40 subpopulations of them, wingspreads are from 0.9 m- 2 m.

 

Ferrugious Hawk- largest hawk in North America, almost 90% of its diet is gophers.

 

Passenger Pigeons-is extinct, at one time it was the world's most numerous bird, trees held 100 nests, last pigeon named Martha died in the Cincinatti Zoo in 1914.

 

           Now the amphibians will be discussed.

 

Wood frogs- love lakes and ponds, only amphibian to cross the Arctic Circle.

 

Northern Leopard Frogs- mostly lives in freshwater, length is from 50-130 mm long.

 

             Now the insects will be discussed.

 

13 Spot Ladybugs- have 13 spots, eat aphids, and  are decomposers.

 

Banded Horntail- female's tail looks like a bee's stinger, but instead uses it to deposit eggs into trees.

 

             Now the mollusk will be discussed.

 

Banff Hot Springs Snail- only lives in the Banff Hot Springs and nowhere else. and are endangered.

           

             In order to show there are different varieties of animals, from large to small, weights of different animals were plotted into a graph.

 

             Foothills animals                              Weights in Kg

                                                                                                                                               

             Elk                                                        250

             White tailed deer                               110

             Swift fox                                              2-3 (average 2.5)

             Coyote                                                 9-23 (average 16)

             Black bear males                              135

             Black bear females                           70

             Woodland caribou                             70

             Canadian geese                                1.1 - 8 (average 5)

             Hoary bats                                         0.021 - 0.04 (average 0.03)

             Western tanager                               3

 

                                                                     

 

              

         

             This chart shows that there are different animals in this region, which weigh very differently. I didn't do all the animals because they were hard to find. The weight of the Hoary Bats cannot be shown on the graph because it's way to small.

 

  These animals are facing changing environment and problems, like cultivation and loss of habitats, diseases (e.g. West Nile and Mad Cow disease), pollution from oil spills, greenhouse effect, over hunting, traps and poisoning.

 

            In the future, the most concerns for these animals are human factors. This might lead to a species changing, going extinct, or overpopulating. Also, two species might mate and make a hybrid e.g. tiglon or liger which lives in Asia. Humans could and should: stop or at least control pollution; re-introduce animals like the Swift fox; and conserve the environment.

 

 

Bibliography

·                     Bright, Michael. The encyclopedia of endangered and extinct animals. Aladdin Books Ltd. in London, Canada, 2001

·                     Foothills Flash Zone

·                     www.raysweb.net

 

·                     www.cws-scf.eg.cg.ca

 

·                     www.somethingfishyescd.net

 

·                     www.cbc.ca

 

·