Wildlife in the Canadian Shield


This report is about wildlife in the Canadian Shield of Alberta.

There are three categories that I will be discussing, birds, mammals and insects.

The animals are as follows: Golden eagles, peregrines, kestrels, whooping cranes, northern shrike, red squirrel, spruce sawyer beetles, arctic loon and black bear.


       This far northern region is one of Alberta’s harshest and most spectacular landscapes where peregrines and golden eagles nest on cliffs. Peregrines can reach speeds up to 250mph in a downward dive. Peregrines or other members of the raptor family are endangered because of insecticides. It might poison them or make them infertile. Kestrels are monogamous. That means they choose one mate each season and stay together until the end of the season. In late April, cranes arrive at their breeding area in Wood Buffalo National Park, which extends into northeast Alberta from the N. W. T. By the end of September, the whoopers leave for the 4000km flight south to the Aransas National Wildlife Range in Texas. By gliding on wind currents, they can stay aloft for 10 hours and cover up to 750km. Arctic loon and northern shrike are both sub arctic species that have bred in the  sub region. The Northern shrike has been called the “Butcher Bird” because of its extreme ferociousness when hunting.


                 Spruce Sawyer Beetle’s eggs are laid just below the bark on these commonly found trees, and they dig tunnels through the bark until they emerge from the tree as a full- grown adult bug!


 A little black bear by the name of Winnie was the inspiration for the cartoon adored by many kids: Winnie the Pooh


 If you’re sitting under a tree and someone keeps throwing pinecones at you it’s a red squirrel. No they’re not trying to hit you! They pull off pinecones from the tops of trees and toss them down to the ground so they can pick them up later. Red squirrels like to live in coniferous forests where you might find jack pine trees and they’re great to watch because they rarely sit still! These little cute critters can be seen scampering around forested areas in most provincial regions of Alberta, but are very common in the Canadian Shield. They don’t hibernate and remain active everyday except for in the coldest days of winter. Red squirrels live in a variety of dens, from holes in trees to dead logs to burrows in the ground!


          There are many different animals in the Canadian Shield. Each one is very different.



















This webpage was created by Scott