Canadian Shield Region

by Bryan and Josh

Introduction

Did you ever wonder why people live where they live? The purpose of this report is to explain why people live where they live in Alberta. In order to answer this question, we researched the various geographical regions of Alberta to find this out. We examined the geography, climate, vegetation, wildlife, occupations, sport and recreation and the people of these regions. This report will focus on the Canadian Shield region of Alberta.

Geography

The Canadian Shield region of Alberta is located in the northeastern corner of the province. The region has many interesting landforms. Some of the landforms found in this region are Precambrian rocks and marshy depressions; there are hundreds of lakes in the Canadian Shield. Large bodies of water can be found in this region. They include the Slave River and Lake Athabasca. The landscape of the Canadian Shield region can be described as rocky and wet.

Wildlife

A variety of wildlife can be found throughout the Canadian Shield region.
Some of these animals are the Peregrine Falcon, the Golden Eagle, Barren Ground Caribou, and the Arctic Fox. These animals live in this region because they can stand the cooler climate.

Climate

The climate in the Canadian Shield region varies throughout the year. The Canadian Shield region gets 200-300 mm of rain in summer, and 1250-1500mm of snow in winter. The climate in this region can be described as having longer winters and shorter summers.

Vegetation

There is a variety of vegetation that grows in the Shield region. The vegetation includes the Jack Pine, marsh reed grass, Swamp Laurel, Black Spruce and Bearberry. This vegetation grows here because the weather and soil is just right for these plants.

Occupations

There are many interesting occupations found in the Canadian Shield region. Some of the major occupations are forestry, making roads and railways, oil and gas, pulp and paper and mining tar. These occupations provide people with roads and railways, gas for their cars, and money to purchase homes and food.

Sports and Recreation

The Canadian Shield region offers a variety of sport and recreational activities. Sporting and recreational activities include fishing, hunting, hiking, and snowmobiling. These are popular activities in this region because there are lots of animals in this region and there is lots of water and snow in the winter.

People

Many of the people live in small communities. One of the larger communities is Fort Chipewyan. Some of the larger cultural groups include Canadian, English, and Natives. There are a variety of cultural groups that live in this region.

Conclusion

Why have people chosen to live in the Canadian Shield region of Alberta? There are many reasons why. Some of the reasons include the jobs, the environment and the weather. People can find good paying jobs in this region. The environment offers great sport and recreation activities like hunting and fishing. The climate is great for winter activities like snowmobiling and ice fishing. As you see, the Shield region has much to offer to the people who choose to live there.

Last modified: December 2003

©Copyright 2003. Calgary Board of Education

All rights reserved