Modern Era


What were the reasons for this
culture leaving their country?

For what were they hoping?

Hong Kong
(Chinese Culture)

Monika L.
Grace H.

Have you ever, have you ever been in a country with no fresh air? People in Hong Kong breathe that air every day while they hear the cars screeching and see the cars moving. Many people left Hong Kong to get a better job and also because of the political system. In 1997, Communist China took over the government of Hong Kong from the British. This created problems for the people. Some people rented houses in Hong Kong and if they didn’t pay the owner, he/she said “Get out!” “Move to another house!”. As a result, a lot of people lived on the streets as homeless people. Hong Kong also had poor education in English and since a lot of business is done in English, the Honk Kong Chinese immigrated to Canada to improve their English. People left Hong Kong to find a better life. What did the Hong Kong Chinese hope for in Canada? They hoped for better living conditions and an environment with fresh air without any pollution. They hoped for a better political system, better jobs for more money, but most of all they came to Canada to get homes, freedom of speech and religion, and a better education.

Vietnamese Culture

Florence T.
Scott M.
Ryan H.
David S.
Michelle H.

Have you ever lived in a country that had civil war? If you lived in Vietnam in the 1960’s your country was at war. Many Vietnamese people immigrated to Canada to escape this horrible battle. Some Vietnamese people did not want to fight in the war or they didn’t want their families to get injured or even die. Some families were split up when sons and fathers had to fight. People left so that these things wouldn’t happen to them. As you can see, the Vietnam war was the main reason why people left. People may think fighting solves problems, but really, it just starts it. Bombs exploded, houses fell!
That’s what it was like in South Vietnam in the 1960’s. Many people sought to find peace and safety in the new country, Canada. The Vietnamese wanted jobs and homes, but most of all they wanted a place where they were respected and appreciated for who they were. If you had war in your country, you might leave hoping for more of a chance to live!

East Indian
Culture


Akshay S.

Do you know what it feels like to have no education and because of that you cannot get a job? For a lot of people in India that was the case. Canada had a very small population and a large variety of jobs and opportunities that were available. A lot of people just wanted a better worry free life. Most of the people came when the Immigration Act started. That was when Canada allowed loads of people in. Some people wanted to have kids so they came here for the medical technology. Just imagine what it is like to have no money at all. For a lot of Indian people Canada was the perfect place. All people to go to school and there are many opportunities in Canada. Indians hoped for a better spacious life. Some people came to Canada for education. Some wanted higher paid jobs. Some wanted their kids to have a better life than they did. A lot people wanted space and privacy because India is very crowded. Some wanted peace because they lived near war. Over crowding!! Indians wanted a life of space and fresh air.

Pakistani Culture

Iqra A.

Have you ever imagined a place where there are jobs but not one you want? Some people came to Canada because of their marriage, for better health care, for good education for their children, and for the laws of Canada. Many Pakistanis brought money and started new businesses. Most came to look around, and go to be with friends that they knew when they were in Pakistan. Many people in Pakistan had the same experiences and that is why they came to Canada. One of the things they came for were better jobs because in Pakistan there were not many jobs. They hoped for no wars. The Pakistan government had not been fair at all. They hoped for better government, peace and good education for their children’s future.

Chinese Culture

Hanna H.

Have you ever experienced a starvation threat because of a lack of technology? The Chinese have. It was 1970 and it was very crowded in China. There were not enough crops to feed the people and many starved so if they could they fled to Canada. They were scared of dying. The Chinese hoped, really hoped, to live in a place where there was enough food and no starvation. In Canada there was food and that is what they hoped for.

Tanzanian Culture

Shaleen L.

Have you ever wondered about living in a place with poor education? Tanzanians moved from Tanzania to Canada for better education since Tanzania's education was very poor and only 80% of Tanzanians knew how to read and write. There were not enough schools in Tanzania to invite all children to school to have an education. Tanzanians also moved because Tanzania had very poor health facilities they did not have very many medicines and very poor uneducated doctors. Others moved because there were a lot of political problems at the time. The government nationalized properties. If you had two properties, one belonged to the government so the outsides left the country and Tanzania became very poor. “To have rights you have responsibilities.” “Freedom!” Have you ever wondered about a place where the government was not fair? People from Tanzania came to Canada hoping for no corruption (bribery), fairness in elections, a right to vote and more safety. You do not have to worry about what’s going to happen tomorrow. Tanzanians also came to Canada hoping or better weather and more moist climate. About education in Canada, you know you’re going to go to school tomorrow and have a bright future You can’t end up on the streets in 15 minutes in Canada where in Tanzania there was a possibility that could happen. “It’s all about peace.”

Ugandan Culture

Jillian G.

Have you ever thought about living in a country where you couldn’t state your opinion?
The main reason why Ugandans left their country was because they would be killed if they didn’t agree with the Prime Minister Idi Amin. So the Ugandans moved to Canada where they could have their own opinion, be free, and not be afraid. Many Ugandans also immigrated to receive good quality education or the health care because in Africa there were lots of contagious diseases.
The people in Uganda hoped that there would not be any terrorist attacks in Canada and that they would be able to vote, because in Africa they were not allowed to vote for the Prime Minister unless they were rich. The Ugandans also hoped for better health and education. * They wanted to have the same rights as rich people in Uganda.

Yugoslavian Culture

Amanda S.

Do you know what it is like knowing your home isn’t safe? Yugoslavians certainly do! In the late 1980’s, the government wasn’t working well, and 4 of the 6 republics broke up. The 2 that were left were Serbia and Montenegro. A civil war started in 1991 and continued until 1995, when the United States helped make an agreement. In 1998, the war started again. Sometimes the war was so bad that people have to grow their own food and live in underground basements. If you did not know what it is like not being safe in your own home, now you do! “I wish I could buy my own food.” “I want to go to school every weekday!” “I want to move out of this basement as soon as possible!” These were the hopes and wishes of every day Yugoslavians. Yugoslavians moved, or tried to move out of Yugoslavia for a better life. Imagine what it would be like to live on the streets being bombed because your home was attacked. Or imagine facing the fact that a loved friend or family member was killed at war. This was normal life if you lived in Yugoslavia. And to think that you thought that your life is hard.

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What did they find in Canada?

What did they face?

(Cooperation, Competition, or Conflict)

Hong Kong

Welcome to Canada! Do you know what the Hong Kong Chinese found when they reached Canada? They found that the children in Canada are not as stressed about their homework, the political system respects their parents and there isn’t as much garbage around. The Immigration Act in Canada let people from different countries come in. People from Hong Kong found a home and a new life. Have you ever faced competition, cooperation and conflict? If you immigrated from Hong Kong, you would know how hard it would be to learn a new language, find a new job and build a new home. Mostly the Hong Kong Chinese faced cooperation. Luckily, when they reached Canada, they quickly found apartments. They were able to call the local library, Alberta Career Development Centre and Canada Employment buildings to help them. So, they didn’t have too much trouble finding the things they needed in Canada.

Vietnamese Culture

Have you experienced finding new things in a new country that you never experienced before? The Vietnamese traveled by boat as “boat people” because they didn’t have money or homes. In Canada, they found democracy, peace and people had the right to vote. They also found jobs in factories, freedom of religion and education for all. They had a better life. Imagine a place you may have dreamed of free from war! Have you ever wondered what it is like to be made fun of because of your skin colour? Have you ever been helped by a friend? The Vietnamese found both conflict and cooperation when they came to Canada. The Vietnamese were made fun of because they looked different, they had different names from Canadians and they spoke a different language. There was also conflict within their families because the new generation wanted to be “Canadian” but their parents wanted their children to keep their Vietnamese culture. Cooperation was shown when the Canadians created a chain of support for the Vietnamese refugees. Thousands of Vietnamese were admitted into Canada. The main thing the Vietnamese faced was racism but also cooperation was shown.

East Indian
Culture

The Immigration Act (1967) invited many Indian people to Canada. They found most of the opportunities they needed. They found a lot more privacy and space. A lot of Indian people needed that because India was very overcrowded. In Canada when you go to school you go to higher grades rather than finishing school at the end of grade 8 like in India. Because of that you can be highly educated so you can get higher paid jobs. Family roles changed too. Since the kids go to school longer, the schedule changes for the whole family. Indians immigrating to Canada found a better life. A lot of Indians have faced all three C’s. Some faced competition because there were a lot more competitive sports in Canada. Personally my family had cooperation because my grandpa had a job offered to him. Conflict was more rare than the other 2C’s. Some of the people were discriminated against because they were different. Whichever “C” Indians faced they dealt with it.

Pakistani Culture

Jobs! Jobs! Jobs! Pakistani people found jobs here in Canada. My dad found good education and better health care when he first came here, and a better job. We could carry on our beliefs and traditions. We found a better future with freedom and we found a good house to live in (better then the one in Pakistan). We are learning a new language. Like I said the people in Pakistan found a better life. When Pakistani people first came to Canada they found cooperation. They had a better job, like doctors, policemen, health care workers and many other jobs. There are good sports for their families. People in Canada are fabulous, behaved and nice.

Chinse Culture

Chinese found a better life in Canada. There were a lot of food, jobs, education and democracy. There was freedom of religion and peace, no war. There was a good health care system. Freedom, the right to vote, was also part of Canada and more equal family roles. They liked Canada because our government was so kind and helpful and because it was not violent. The Chinese found a better life in Canada . I think the Chinese found cooperation in Canada because for many years the Chinese people and the English have lived together with no war. I have a Chinese friend and know for a fact that they are very nice . I don’t know why some people would not like people with a different colour skin. They need to get to know them and then they would possibly like them. The Chinese found cooperation.

Tanzanian Culture

“One of the most terrifying experiences is living in a country with no freedom or peace.” I don’t have to live through that because I live in Canada. In Canada, Tanzanian people found interesting things like freedom of religion, better health facilities, things for everyday life such as jobs and going to school five days a week. Everyone here had a family role if you are part of a family. It was a democratic county and a free education for all. You had a right to vote, and the opportunity to learn a new language, because you needed to learn English or French to communicate. “Live a free life!” “A friendly kind of day but also with anger.” When Tanzanians came to Canada they found cooperation because people living in Canada already thought Tanzanian immigrants spoke English, and knew how to read and write. Tanzania was very poor and some people were too poor to get educated. But at the same time the Tanzanians faced conflict in Canada since Canadians made fun of their names so many of immigrants from Tanzania wanted to change their names. “Freedom didn't always mean happiness!”

Ugandan Culture

The Ugandans found that there was better education and health facilities. The Ugandans also found that 83% of people in Canada could read and write, where in Uganda most of the people only had education up to grade 5. They found that there were better opportunities to vote on who they wanted for Prime Minister. The Ugandans were happy in Canada. Have you ever had the experience of bring teased?
Well the Ugandans had to face people calling them names and making fun of them because of their names. The Ugandans wanted to fit in so they changed their names. They also had to face people teasing them because of their skin colour. Ugandans didn’t like Canada when they first arrived but now they love it here.

Yugoslavian Culture

“NEXT STOP ...CANADA!” When Yugoslavians first came to Canada, they found a whole new world. The Immigration Act helped the immigrants get to Canada. You got points depending on their needs and abilities. The government here is democratic, which must have been a relief to all the former Yugoslavians who wanted to vote. The Yugoslavians weren’t forced to do a certain job here. Sometimes they had to learn English or French to be able to communicate. They also received better health care then the care they got in Yugoslavia, because there were more people to care for them. Everyone in a family had about the same amount of jobs to do, so the survival of the family didn’t depend mostly on one person. Canada has freedom of religion, and you can even learn about different religions even if you don’t believe in them. We have free education, schools, collages, and universities that are paid for through taxes. Coming to Canada must have really changed the Yugoslavian’s life. “WOW! What co-operation! Look how nicely they get along!” These were some of the first thoughts of Yugoslavians when they first came to Canada. Compared to how the people in Yugoslavia got along, these thoughts were right. Back in Yugoslavia, soldiers stood guard in the streets, and went through places they didn’t belong. Fighter planes circled the sky. Here, the only people armed with guns are police. The only planes are those taking people from one place to another. The Yugoslavians do get to live in peace after all.

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How has this culture
changed Canada?

How has Canada
changed this culture?

Hong Kong

Nice paper cuttings for sale! Do you know that Chinese Chess, Chinese Checkers, dominoes, cards, shuttlecock, jackstraws, yo-yos and tangrams all came from Hong Kong? The people from Hong Kong eat barbeque pork, goose, duck, rice, noodles and chicken. The Chinese are well known for their decoration of porcelain and ceramic. Vases, urns, bowls and plates are decorated with symbols of nature, seasons or myths. Hong Kong people have changed Canada with their food, carvings and hard work. Have you ever been in Hong Kong? In Hong Kong, the people speak about 70% Cantonese, 20% Mandarin and 10% English. Now in Canada, they need to speak more English. When they come to Canada, there are ESL courses to improve their English, so now many children speak English at home. Clothing also had to change. In Hong Kong, people wear thin shirts, but in Canada, they need to wear thicker clothes because it is much colder here. The students don’t need to wear uniforms to public school. Canada is always a wonderful place and people who move to Canada have a better life.

Vietnamese Culture

The Canadian culture was almost nothing at the beginning, but as people came, our country grew into quite a multicultural society. The Vietnamese people brought folk music and many different foods such as “moon cakes”, spring rolls and pho (a Vietnamese soup). If you thought dragons were only for slaying, guess again! The Vietnamese believed that dragons were a sign of good luck. They also brought their celebrations such as “Tet” and the “Autumn Festival”. The Vietnamese brought many things we enjoy to this day. “What are you saying?”, would be the question you would ask if you were a Vietnamese immigrant. The Vietnamese were changed because they had to learn English or French. When war came to Vietnam, some Vietnamese people didn’t want to fight so they came to Canada. If Canada had not let these refugees in, most of them might have died. The Vietnamese were happy to try to fit into their adopted country. Jobs changed from farming, to working in factories. Thank goodness Canada was able to give so much.

East Indian
Culture

India has changed Canada in many different ways. One of the largest things India has brought is arts. India introduced yoga to Canada. Indians have carved many statues and ornaments. All these things are being sold in Canada today. India brought some popular sports like cricket and field hockey. One of the largest features India has brought is food. If you go to large cities you will find Indian restaurants scattered everywhere. Two of the most popular foods are tandoori chicken and somosas. India changed Canada in ways you would never imagine. Canada has changed the Indian culture a lot by being friendly and giving. Canada has given aid. It has also given smart Indians scholarships. Since Canada has given so many Indians good education, these Indians have gone back and improved their country. Canada influenced India in a friendly way.

Pakistani Culture

Have you ever imagined how Pakistan could change Canada? Most people from Pakistan are well educated, that’s why they have good jobs. There are authors who write stories about the life in Canada and the life in Pakistan. The Pakistan people have to Eid-ul-Fitr a year. The Eid-ul-Fitr counts on the moon. Pakistan people fast 30 days a year. The fast is called Ramadan. The Moslem religion is now a part of Canada and many Canadians are learning about it.
Most sports are the same as the sports in Canada. Some are skiing, baseball, tennis, soccer and many other sports. Jewellery is worn all over Pakistan by women. Women wear a shirt and pant which are loose. Men wear the same thing as men wear here. Kids wear all kinds of clothing. Canadians know about Eid and Ramadan and that they wear jewellery. Like I said, Pakistan people had made many changes in Canada.
Canada made many changes to my culture as well. Since we came to Canada we started to wear their kinds of clothing. Pakistan people started going to Canadian restaurants. They started to eat their kinds of foods like noodles, pizza and many other
foods. Pakistani people have really been changed by Canadians.

Chinese Culture

Chinese people brought sports, arts, food, clothing, celebrations and traditions. For example sports like kung fu, baseball and soccer; food like Peking duck, fish, shrimp and rice; clothing made out of silk; celebrations such as Chinese New Year, dragon boat races, etc. The Chinese have changed Canada in many ways with all those sports, games, holidays, tratitions, jobs, food and clothes. It’s like Canada and China were meant to come together. Canada has changed the Chinese because there is no war or killing when people stand up to government. Canada has changed the Chinese so they don’t have to be scared of the government. Canada has made Chinese feel safe and happy.

Tanzanian Culture

“I love this music but where is it from and who has brought it here?” Tanzanian immigrants changed the lives of Canadians in a lot of ways in music, from rap to gospel and even to the blues.
“He dunks it in!” Even sports have Africans and Blacks playing in them such as Football, Basketball, Hockey, Cricket and Soccer!!
“Welcome Welcome!” 229 300 Africans immigrated to Canada before 1996. Africans brought the Caribbean Carnivals to Canada and now Canadians can take part in it. More and more people are understanding Islam now. In foods, the spices have been popular since the Africans brought them here. An Ancient tradition they have shared here is their way to use beads.
Have you ever wondered about someone helping you so much that your whole life becomes perfect? Canadians have changed the life of Tanzanians in every possible way. They have let Tanzanians into their celebrations and their education systems. “A stranger helping you out just because they want you to have a bright future” is what Tanzanians felt when they came into this sharing county. “ It’s like their sharing one life now.”

Ugandan Culture

Ugandan’s changed Canada’s culture
because they brought a tradition of
wearing twenty or thirty braids in their hair.
For example, girls wear it to school and
their friends think it’s nice and sooner or later everybody’s wearing braids. Theychanged Canadaby bringing this Ugandan tradition into this country.
Canada changed Ugandans by changing
their life style. For instance, in Uganda, the mothers and fathers worked at their home and now in Canada the mothers and fathers had to go to work outside their home in order to make money. The Ugandans also felt good to be Canadian and to fit in with everybody else. They found better jobs in Canada and a reasonable government. When Ugandans came they found lots of cooperation.

Yugoslavian Culture

Wow! What a change! There are about 447 830 immigrants from Eastern Europe in Canada. About 44 355 of these immigrants came to Alberta. The main holidays Yugoslavians celebrate are: Solstice (the shortest day of the year by light), Easter, and Christmas. The biggest influences in sports the immigrants have brought to Canada are: the way they play (their rules), and their participation. Some authors that don’t live in their home country, sometimes compare life in one place to another. When someone moves, they bring their traditions with them. ‘Wow.You’ve changed so much, that you’re like a completely different person. When you went to Canada you played your sports with the same rules we do. Now you can speak English too. I can’t believe that you are the same person who left Yugoslavia a few years ago.” These are probably some of the first words or thoughts of some Yugoslavians who have friends or family members that have lived in Canada. This is true. Canada sure has changed a lot of Yugoslavians.

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