The Third Wave

What were the reasons for this
culture leaving their country?

For what were they hoping?

Hungarian Culture

Heather R.
Allison L.
Kenny F.
Bryce J.

The main reason why a lot of Hungarians left Hungary was because in 1956, Hungary was going to become a communist country. Most of Hungary didn’t want to become communist, they wanted to have their own rights and be able to practice their own religion. Well-to-do people in Hungary lost their land and everything they owned. They left with just the clothes on their back. Hungarians had to leave their country but in the end it was worth leaving. Since the war broke out in Hungary, people were looking for a better lifestyle. They hoped to find freedom in Canada as well as high paying jobs and investments. They hoped for better health care and good education for their children. They wanted a safe environment but without the military enforcement that would have been in Hungary. Most of all, Hungarians wanted to have control of their own lives!

Italian Culture

Tessa H.
Erin de W.
Kurtis W.

The reasons most people left Italy was because the people in Italy wanted a chance for a better life. After WW II, the Italians wanted to be safe from war. They also wanted a place that wasn’t so destroyed. Some Italians came to Canada so they could practice the Jewish religion. In Italy, if they got caught practicing the Jewish religion they would have to go to jail. They moved to Canada to have better and more exciting opportunities. When the Italians came to Canada, a safe and new life was their main hope. They hoped their kids would have a better education so that they could get a decent paying job and have an even more improved life. Some Italians hoped for their own land. Most Italians settled in larger cities in Canada. They hoped for their own single family house and a job that they could get paid enough to meet their everyday needs.

Greek Culture

Kyle M.
Anna R.
Kayla K.

Most of the Greeks left their own country because of conflicts and needs. Greece was in conflict with Italy and Germany during and shortly after WW II over a decision to build an Italian military base in Greece. The Germans at the time also prevented many Greeks from practicing their own religion. Greece was also in conflict with Turkey over the control of the island called Cyprus. Some Greeks left because their chances at an education, in particular, a higher education such as university, were quite low. In fact, only 14% of Greek citizens ever got into university. Schools in Greece were quite strict with only one day off each week. Expectations were high in schools. Children reaching the age of eight needed to be able to read and write correctly. That’s why some Greeks came to Canada. Leaving the conflict in their own country, many of the Greeks coming to Canada hoped for peace. Certainly, getting a job was important. Hopefully, though, they found a good job, a greater education and a fairer government. This is weird because the Greeks had started democracy (in ancient times) and they were leaving Greece to find a better government in Canada. In addition, they hoped for many freedoms, such as religion. The religion they brought over was Greek Orthodox. Canada seemed to them a place where their dreams could be fulfilled.

Polish Culture

Jon S.

The Polish left Poland to have a better chance to have a good life. The Polish did not want to have to go to war (eg. In some countries they will force you go to war). They did not want to be controlled by the Soviet Union. Also, they wanted to practice their own religion. They probably wanted more choices. The Polish hoped to have a better life style. They also wanted a better government, a better job and a better education. In Canada they hoped to practice their own religion. They also didn't want to be made fun of because of their religion. In Canada, the Polish hoped to have more opportunities.

Ukrainian Culture

Joel M.

The Ukrainians came to be free from the war and the Soviet army labor camps. The Soviet army drove them out of the country and they came to Canada because Canada had such good schools and a good government. The Ukraine had such good soil that the Soviets just had to get it and they would do any thing to get it and if any one got in their way they would kill them. They were forced to go to labor camps and some people tried to get out of them but some of them got shot doing this. They were forced to speak the Russians language. Some were dying because of not enough food and dehydration. Almost everyone that was from the Ukraine come for freedom and peace. They were so scared that the Russian army was going to come they fled the country. They hoped they could practice their own religion and that’s why some came to Canada. They came to Canada to go to school longer and to get better learning skills.

West Indian Culture

Preeya G.

During the 1900’s, most West Indians came to Canada for a better opportunity for life and to flee from a dictator named Castro. Castro was in Cuba at the time and that's why most West Indians that came were Cubans. Castro was so irritating to these people that some people went out to sea on rafts in the middle of the night. They were not crazy! Few people came because of more resources. In the West Indies they only had rich soil. Some people came because they wanted a better paying job and better living conditions. Canada was a more social and financial country than the West Indies, which is another reason for some of them came. Most West Indians came to Canada for more chances and choices in their life. When young West Indians (going to college or about that age) come to Canada they hoped for a better education. In the West Indies, they did not receive much for a wage. So some people hoped for a better salary in their future. When people fleeing from Castro came to Canada, they hoped that there was no dictator. When adults came, they wanted better medical care and more freedom. Some West Indians just wanted to make more decisions instead of someone else doing it for them. People of all ages wanted better government in their new country.


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What did they find in Canada?

What did they face?

(Cooperation, Competition, or Conflict)

Hungarian Culture

The Hungarians came to Canada looking for freedom. They found liberty as well as many other things. They found successful business opportunities with higher pay and also found places to live where a healthy family could be raised. Hungarians could own their own land and practice their own religion. They found people that were different in looks, clothes and language. Hungarians were able to find a better life in Canada. Hungarians came to Canada finding conflict, cooperation and competition. The Hungarians experienced competition when they competed for jobs and homes. Alienation happened because the Hungarians didn’t know English when they arrived and they looked different from a lot of Canadians. Cooperation was shown when the government gave the Hungarians enough money for their basic needs. Hungarians had to adapt to the Canadian way of life. At times this was difficult but in the end it was worth it.

Italian Culture

When the Italians came, they found that there were good and bad things about Canada. They were allowed to practice any religion they wanted, they found better education and they were safe from war. However, it was difficult to find a job because of competition for the jobs that were available. There were mainly English schools so the Italians were forced to learn a new language. They also found a very different climate from Italy, one not so mild. The Italians had to learn to deal with both positive and negative things in their new home, Canada. The Italians faced competition and cooperation. They had to compete for jobs. Some jobs they were able to get, included work in construction, work in restaurants and in large factories and refineries. Italians parents worked hard so that their children could get a better education and grow up with more opportunities. Cooperation was shown when the Canadian government recognized that Italians were hard working and opened the immigration doors. These are some examples of what the Italians faced in Canada.

Greek Culture

Canada provided opportunity, yet it would come with a price. With so many people looking for work, competition for jobs was high. The school systems in Canada were based on the British model, and the Greek children had trouble learning in the schools. The government in Canada was welcoming and willing to provide many of the freedoms the Greeks hoped for. Freedoms such as religion, education, jobs, the vote and social welfare. Another thing the Greeks found was a climate very different from their homeland. These are some of the things newcomers took the trouble to find in Canada. The Greeks faced many things in Canada. In the cooperative way, the Greeks found a government that had a plan to help immigrants, or those less fortunate, get back on their feet. This plan included family allowance and unemployment insurance. Competitively speaking, the Greeks faced challenges in getting jobs due to their lack of English. Often, they would accept jobs at lower wages just to get the job and make some money. Accepting jobs at lower wages sometimes resulted in conflict with other people. Later on, laws were passed, and unions created to prevent employers from paying people really low wages. Those are the 3 C’s the Greeks faced when they came to Canada.

Polish Culture

They found it was hard to get a good paying job in Canada In Canada, they found the game of basketball was made by a Canadian and made in the USA. They also found another game called hockey, that was made by natives. There was a lot of competition and some conflict for jobs. There were lots of people getting insurance. If you could take care of your homestead, you could have it for free.

Ukrainian Culture

The most people they found in Canada were the English and the French. They could not speak the same language as the other people did. There were not many people that were from the old country and almost no one that could speak the same language. There weren’t many jobs left because everyone was coming from other countries and from the war. Canada is way safer then the Ukraine and that’s why more people came to Canada. They found that there were better schools then in the Ukraine. Canada was safer than the Ukraine and they could at least go in to the city and get a job without getting hurt. Some parts of Canada was the same as the Ukraine so most of the Ukrainian people live there now. Canada has more water then the Ukraine. At school the kids made fun of the kids that came from the Ukraine because they looked different. They had to wear the same clothes as every one. The big thing was they could practice their own religion in the onion domed churches that they built. They were now living in a safer country.

West Indian Culture

When the people from the West Indies came, they found what they hoped for because they stayed and more West Indian people came. They found out that most people spoke French and English. They had to learn how to speak French, since they already spoke English in the West Indies. They noticed that in Quebec, most people were Roman Catholic. The West Indian people did not have to change their religion. When they came, they found satisfaction. For the West Indian people coming to Canada, it could be hard. Many West Indian woman had to go through being a servant just to come to Canada. Beginning in 1955 two or three hundred women from the West Indies came to Canada each year through the Domestic Scheme. To take part in the program, a woman between 21 and 35 years of age had to spend a year as a servant, then she could become a landed immigrant. When most West Indians came, they had to learn how to speak French. If they did not learn how to speak French, they might not get a good job. Also in the 1930 s, if you lost your job, you lost everything.


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How has this culture
changed Canada?

How has Canada
changed this culture?

Hungarian Culture

In the past number of years, Hungarians and people around Europe have introduced new things to Canada. Hungarians brought food such as Hungarian salami and goulash. They also brought a variety of spices such as paprika. You may not know it, but the Rubics Cube was invented by a Hungarian! Hungarian folk and gypsy music was introduced as well as dances such as the Maypole. So as you can see, there are many things that Hungarians brought to Canada. Canada (or rather North America) has taught the Hungarians different things. One example is different holidays such as Thanksgiving and Valentine’s Day. Along with new recipes, Hungarians learned new sports and ways of doing things. English and French were two languages the Hungarians learned. Hungarians adapted well to the Canadian way of life.

Italian Culture

When the Italians came to Canada they brought different things. Where would children in Canada be without pizza? Everybody loves pizza and other Italian foods such as ravioli, lasagna, risotto, tortellini, spaghetti, proscuitto and many more. Games such as bocci ball and marbles were introduced. Italians are famous for their architecture, marble carving, painting, music, opera and appreciate the arts. They brought their appreciation of fine and beautiful things with them to canada. Some place names in Canada such as Italy Cross in N.S. came from Italian origin. Canada would be a poorer culture without the Italian influence. Canada also changed the Italian culture in some ways. Some Italians might marry other Italians, but chances are, they would marry into other cultures. As a result, traditions become mixed. Italians had to learn English in order to be more successful in British Canadian society. Italians became part of a free country where they were able to practice any religion they chose. Moving to Canada was a positive change for most Italians.

Greek Culture

The Greeks changed the Canadian culture mostly with their traditions, customs, celebrations and religion, rather than new technologies. In many locations throughout Canada, a special “Greek Night” is held to celebrate the Greek culture. Wonderful foods such as calamari (squid), pita bread, hummus (chick pea-tahini dip), figs, olives, feta cheese, salads, moussaka, spanokopita and baklava are just a few of the extraordinary delicacies brought over by the Greeks. The Greeks have a tradition called “Name Day” where the anniversary of when a child’s name was decided, is celebrated. This is bigger then their birthday. The Greeks brought the orthodox religion, their churches and their architecture to Canada. Some mountains have Greek names. Much of the math and science we learn today has connections with the Greek alphabet (eg. delta, sigma and gamma). Probably one of the most famous contributions the Greeks have provided is the Olympics. Many of the original sports survive today, although, some of them have become altered. For example, the discus helped create the frisbee. The most important contribution the Greeks have provided Canada and other cultures has been the creation of the democratic form of government. Canada’s pluralistic background has had many effects on Greeks in Canada and their home country. Certainly the biggest change for Greeks in Canada has been learning the English language. Many of the traditions/celebrations already in Canada were not part of the Greek culture, but they tried them out anyway because they wanted to fit into their new home. Although hot and humid in Greece, Greeks in Canada had to adapt to the cold and drier climate. The different technology, sports and cuisine of Canada slowly became a part of the Greek’s daily life. Internationally speaking, Canadians, as UN peacekeepers, had done much to prevent the conflict in Cyprus from getting worse. That’s why we think Canadians have made a large impact on the Greeks.

Polish Culture

The Polish brought over some sports like skiing and bobsledding. They brought over a new vest fashion. They also brought the maypole. Some brought types of food. Something the Polish didn't think about was learning new languages. That can be hard if there's no one to teach you. You would have to watch and learn. They learned a sport called hockey that was invented by natives.

Ukrainian Culture

One thing that was from the Ukraine that changed Canada was the food like Perogies,Koubassa, mushrooms, Holupchi (cabbage rolls), Nachinka(corn meat pudding) and Poppy seeds. Some of the sports that are from the Ukraine and the other European countries were fishing, hiking, snow racing, hockey and figure skating. Some famous hockey players are from the Ukraine. Canada has changed the Ukraine by introducing technology and the different types of clothing. The different foods have also changed the Ukraine. They did not have Thanksgiving and they do now.

West Indian Culture

West Indian immigrants to Canada brought with them Carifest, Steel Drums, Reggae and Calypso, thereby exposing Canadians to a new culture. Carifest is a West Indian festival with costumes, music, food and festivities. Canadians now have one day in a year to celebrate Carifest in Canada. Reggae and calypso are two kinds of West Indian music. Reggae is from Jamaica and Calypso is from Trinidad and Tobago. When Canada hosted the Olympics, Jamaica sent a Bobsledding team. That shows that the West Indian people( who are from a hot climate) are showing an interest in certain aspects of the Canadian culture.


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