HUMAN PEDIGREE ANALYSIS
Pedigrees show the genetic history of a family in what is similar to a "genetic family tree". It shows the phenotypes of a particular genetic trait from one generation to the next in a family. Most of the time the genotypes of the individuals may be determined as well by using your understanding of inheritance.
Can be useful in determining who is a carrier (heterozygote) for a genetic disease, such as:
Autosomal recessive disorders:
Autosomal Dominant Disorders:
Each generation is represented by a Roman Numeral, and each person in a generation is labeled with a number in the order in which they were born.
Squares are males and circles are females.
Usually a shaded or darkened symbol shows the condition that is being studied.
All un-shaded symbols are individuals who have the dominant phenotype and at least on dominant allele. Carriers may be identified by symbols with lines through them.
TAY SACH'S DISEASE